Gurbani Vocabulary

 

This vocabulary list consisting of approximately 330 of the most frequently used words in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib was developed for the Gurbani classes at the Chardi Kalaa Sikh Community Center.

Most of these words occur hundreds of times (including variants with different endings). Familiarity with this core vocabulary enables one to start understanding portions of most shabads and baanis.

This list of words provides a core vocabulary of about 330 of the most fequently usedwords in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, in order of frequency of usage (beginning with the words used most often)

(Abreviations: GL – Gurbani Language; MP – Modern Punjabi; var-variant;
PP- postposition; v-verb; n-noun.)


GLWord


Romans


Meaning
in English


hir


Har


God


namu


Naam


Name,
God Conciousness, Divine Presence


gur


Gur,
Guru


Divine
Master, Enlightner, Teacher


rhaxu


Rahaau


Pause,
(marks chorus, or main theme line)


mhla


Mahalaa


Identifies
which Guru is author, neighborhood


ram


Raam


God,
all prevading Spirit


gurmuiK


Gurmukh


In
tune with the Guru


pRB


Prabh


Beloved


swa


Sadaa


Always


mnu


man


mind,
self, mortal


sitgur


satgur


True
or Perfect Guru, God


jIxu


jeeo


soul
or life; respectful and affectionate appelation (Jee in MP)


ibnu


bin


without


jn


jan


(devoted)
servant, slave


sB


sabh


all


guN


gun


quality,
merit, virtue


mih


meh


in
(postposition)


scu


sach


true,
eternal


k]


ko


to
(pp – noo in MP), any or which (koee in MP)


sbiw


sabad
(or shabad)


Word,
Naam


suKu


sukh


happiness,
peace


maieAa


maayaa


worldly
entaglements, illusionary & transient


s;ig


sang


with,
close


hxu


hau


I
(pronoun)


pRsaiw


prasaad
(or parsaad)


grace,
kindness, mercy


s]eI


soee


that
one


ikrpa


kirpaa


kindness,
mercy


s;t


sant


saintly
person in tune with God, often used for Guru


A;tir


antar


within,
in (MP – vich)


Bgit


bhagat


devotee
of God, saintly person


isxu


siu


(pp)
to, with (MP – noo)


ikAa


kiaa


what
(MP – kee)


sgl


sagal


all


hxum{


haumai


ego,
pride, sense of I (separate from God & creation)


paeIA{


paaeeay


obtain


h[


hay


O
(form of address)


Gir


ghar


home


sbwu


shabad


Word


hm


hum


We,
I


khu


kahu


says
(kehna – to say)


Aav{


aavai


comes
(aanaa, aavnaa – to come)


BaeI


bhaaee


brother,
friend (used as address)


suAamI


suaamee


Master,
Lord, Husband; (syn – thakur) (MP- maalik)


Aasa


aasaa


hope,
desire


srb


sarab


all


tnu


tan


body


int


nit


daily
– (MP – roz) (syn andin)


Bav{


bhaavai


to
ge pleasing, appeal to


paeI


paaeeay


obtain


Be[


bhae


become


pUrn


pooran


complete,
perfect


rsu


ras


delicious
taste, enjoyment, spiritual rapture


ilv


liv


deep
continuous love and absorption


iPir


phir


again


s[va


sevaa


service


jnm


janam


birth


jIA


jeea


living
being, tongue


baNI


baanee


speech,
Word


shij


sehaj


state
of peace and balance, tranquility, spontaneous, naturally – with the flow, in tune with
the Infinite


naxu


naau


Naam,
name


e[k


ek


one
(MP – ik)


krih


kareh


karnaa
– to do


AaieAa


aaiaa


aanaa
– to come


krm


karam


grace,
action


r;ig


rang


dye,
love


Aniwnu


andin


daily


crn


charan


feet
– symbolizes devotion, humility


A;imRt


amrit


nectar,
immortality


wuK


dukh


suffering,
unhappiness


saW


sadh


saintly
person,


kIAa


keeaa


action
(MP – keeta)


krta


kartaa


creator


pRIit


preet


love


Avru


avar


other


Baie


bhaai


pleases;
will; love (doojaa bhaai – duality)


vs{


vasai


live,
abide


ivic


vich


in,
within


mit


mat


wisdom,
not


ipAar[


piaaray


beloved


purKu


purakh


person,
being, God


jm


jam


death,
god of death


vidAaeI


vadiaaee


greatness,
glory


k]io


kot


millions
(lit. 10 million)


mha


mahaa


great


j]it


jot


light


ihrw{


hirdai


(in
the) heart, mind (MP – dil) abbrev: ridai


inrml


nirmal


pure
(mal=impurity)


B{


bhai


fear
; syn – bhau


nwir


nadar


grace


wUja


doojaa


second,
other, duality


pit


pat


honor


suiN


sun


listen


gurmit


gurmat


the Guru’s
teaching, wisdom


muiK


mukh


mouth,
face, word


bil


bal


strenght,
power; sacrifice (balihaaree)


Bxu


bhau


fear
(bhaao – love)


Aink


anik


(var.
anek) many


wata


daataa


giver


git


gat


state,
emancipation


was


daas


(devoted)
servant, slave


wieAal


daiaal


kind,
generous


mukit


mukat


liberated
(muktee = liberation)


mnmuK


manmukh


self-willed,
(opp. of Gurmukh)


sit


sat


truth


ibiW


bidh


Method,
way


smaie


samaai


absorbed in


jgu


jag


world


wir


dar


door,
portal


Agm


agam


incomprehensible
(attribute of God); unapproachable


hukmu


hukam


command,
will


kml


kamal


lotus


Oakur


thakur


Master


jb


jab


when


ictu


chit


mind, heart


ieh


eh


this


wanu


daan


charity,
gift


ibKu


bikh


poison,
sin


Wn


dhan


wealth;
blessed


m[il


mel


union;
melnaa – to unite


wrgh


dargeh


court


igAanu


giaan


knowledge,
realization


mr{


marai


dies
(marnaa – to die)


rt[


ratay


steeped,
absorbed


iwnu


din


day


Ait


at


very


ismir


simar


remember
with love, hold in your heart, meditate


A;wir


andar


in,
within


m]h


moh


attachment,
excessive unhealthy love; mohnaa – to attract or fascinate


iniW


nidh


treasure


saWs;ig


saadhsangat


holy
company


iliKAa


likhiaa


written,
destined (likhna- to write)


mir


mar


marnaa – to
die; janam maran = birth & death


wIn


deen


poor,
humble; religion, spiritual world


jsu


jas


glory


iWAaieAa


dhiaaiaa


meditate
on, remember, repeat name


Go


ghat


vessel,
heart, being


jxu


jau


if


p;c


panch


five,
select


g]ib;w


gobind


God (var –
Govind, Govinda)


pap


paap


sin


pair


paar


beyond,
other shore


saihbu


saahib


Master,
lord, term of respect


wieAa


daiaa


mercy


mair


maar


kill


rsna


rasnaa


tongue,
speech


ivNu


vin


(syn. bin)
without


Wuir


dhur


destined,
primal


BI


bhee


also (MP:
vee)


Baxu


bhaau


love


tb


tab


then


parbRhm


paarbrahm


God,
Transcendental Reality


ipru


pir


Divine
Spouse


inWanu


nidhaan


treasure


C]id


chhoD


abandon,
leave


s;git


sangat


association,
company


vdBagI


vadhbaagee


fortunate


ttu


tat


sublime
essence


prm


param


supreme


kImit


keemat


price,
value


bahir


baahar


outside,
besides


itRsna


trisnaa


thirst,
desire


kam


kaam


lust,
physical pleasures


wrsnu


darsan


vision,
experience of being in Presence


jl


jal


water
(mp – paanee)


pavih


paaveh


paavna
– to obtain


mstik


mastak


Forehead
(MP mathaa)


Brmu


bharam


doubt,
confusion


kaieAa


kaaiaa


body,
self


pRItm


preetam


beloved


m{lu


mael


impurity


visAa


vasiaa


dwells


pR[m


prem


love


Agin


agan


fire


bRhm


brahm


Absolute
Lord


Wrm


dharam


righteous
actions, duty, religion


bhutu


bahut


much,
lots, very


wIAa


deeaa


gave


Plu


phal


fruit


inrBxu


nirbhau


free
from fear


xUpir


oopar


on,
above


igAanI


giaanee


wise,
knowledgable


Aru


ar


and


j;t


jant


being,
creature


kar


kaar


task,
affair


nr


nar


Man, mortal


s]Ba


sobhaa


glory


manu


maan


pride,
honor


b[w


bed


Vedas
(hindu scripture)


iKnu


khin


moment,
instant


pRan


praan


life


ipta


pitaa


father


jgtu


jagat


world


b;Wn


bandhan


bonds,
fetters


j]gI


jogee


yogi,
one seeking union with God


mIt


meet


dear friend


riv


rav


permeating


A;it


ant


end,
limit


kalu


kaal


death,
time


kvn


kavan


which


rtnu


ratan


gem


kUzu


kooR


false


s;saru


sansaar


world


A;trjamI


antarjaami


Knower
of deepest thoughts (God), Inner Guide


wurmit


durmat


evil
mindedness


buiW


budh


intellect,
wisdom


imlae[


milaa-e


help
to meet, unite


sagr


saagar


ocean


prapit


paraapat


possess,
obtain


jait


jaat


caste,
social status, species


kR]Wu


krodh


anger,
wrath


AaO


aath


eight


BaNa


bhaana


Will


g]pal


gopaal


God,
cherisher of the world


Xo


ot


support


pUja


poojaa


worship


Arwais


ardaas


prayer


WUir


dhoor


dust


pCaN{


pachaaNai


(pachhananaa)
to recognize


itAaig


tiaag


abandon,
give up, renounce


ip;du


pind


body


j]in


jon


(var-
joon)incarnation, life (in birth/life cycle), species


mIOa


meethaa


sweet
(MP – mitha)


Bla


bhalaa


good


mUrK


moorakh


fool


inr;jnu


niranjan


God,
The One unsullied by Maya or pollution


p[iK


pekh


pekhna
– to see (syn. dekhna)


kul


kul


clan,
ancestory


mata


maataa


mother


isRsio


srist


creation,
universe


sut


sut


son,
child


inkio


nikat


near,
close


hmara


hamaaraa


Our,
my


Bag


bhaag


bhaagna –
to run away; bhaag – fortune, destiny


xUca


oochaa


high


tr{


tarai


tarnaa
-swim, be saved; taraana – to save, help to swim


ic;ta


chintaa


worry
(MP – fikar) (achintaa – free from worry)


narI


naaree


woman,
wife


kla


kalaa


art,
technique


l]B


lobh


greed


smrT


samrath


potent,
capable


Ksm


khasam


master,
God


imit


mit


measure
(n)


s[j


sej


bed;
divine bed representing union between God and the soul bride


nal[


naalay


(pp)
with


pg


pag


foot


bat


baat


story,
issue, conversation (syn. Gal)


B;dar


bhanDaar


warehouse,
treasure


karj


kaaraj


affair,
task


BrpUir


bharpoor


completely
full


xupw[su


updes


teachings,
preaching


grB


garabh


womb


srIr


sareer


body,
self


b[A;t


be-ant


infinite;
without an end


pu;n


pun


virtue,
good deed


ibWata


bidhaataa


architect
of destiny, God


mn]rT


manorath


hope,
desire


AvgN


avgan


sin,
weakness


isPit


sifat


praise,
glory


B;jn


bhanjan


destroyer


b[ntI


bentee


prayer,
request


bairk


baarik


child


j]ru


jor


power,
to join (jorna)


inr;karu


nirankaar


The
Formless One, God


prgasu


pargaas


Light,
enlightenment


ivkar


vikaar


sins, evil


xuWr[


udharay


udharnaa –
to be liberated


vsaieAa


vasaaiaa


vasnaa
– to live, abide, be enshrined


pwarT


padaarath


substance,
essence, treasure


Bir


bhar


full,
overflowing


xupav


upaav


effort,
way or solution


vaj[


vaajay


rings,
play as of music


Oxur


thaur


Sanctuary,
place of rest, support


s;gI


sangee


companion


AaigAa


aagiaa


command,
direction


xUjl


oojal


bright,
pure


smal[


samaalay


cherish,
take care of, remember


jp


jap


repeat
Name, medidate


sas


saas


breath


m]ihAa


mohiaa


mohanaa-
to fascinate, attract


ivsair


visaar


forget;
MP – bhulnaa


inrguN


nirguN


without
any merit; absolute and unmanifested (God)


praeI


paraaee


stranger,
not one of us, belonging to someone else


isAanp


siaanap


cleverness,
wisdom


canNu


chaanan


light


kurbaNu


kurbaan


sacrifice


Wavt


dhaavat


running
(dhaavnaa – to run)


pRitpal


pratipaal


cherish,
take care of (pratipalak – cherisher)


svair


savaar


to
set right, decorate,


AWar


adhaar


support


bUJih


boojhai


(v)
understands


ibgs{


bigsai


blooms
forth, joyous, radiant


janhu


jaanau


jananaa
– to know


raKa


raakhaa


Protector
(rakhshaa – protection), caretaker


srn


saran


shelter,
protection (var. sharan, sarnaaee)


rhu


raho


stay,
remain


ctur


chatur


clever,
intelligent


wrw


darad


Pain,
suffering


Gn[r[


ghanere


lots,
great


saj[


saaje


fashions,
creates


xUOt


oothat


while
rising, standing; MP – uthnaa


bRhm;d


brahmand


universe


ApraWI


apraadhee


sinner,
guilty


gl


gal


thing,
talk


s]vt


sovat


sleeping;
sovana – to sleep


kIrtn


keertan


singing
praises, spiritual music


grIb


gareeb


poor,
humble


Aol


aTal


eternal


isAaNa


siaaNaa


wise


sumit


sumat


sublime
wisdom


Brvasa


bharvaasaa


trust,
confidence. Var – bharosaa


ma:g{


maangai


asks


vrn


varan


n.
color or caste; v. to desribe


w[s


des


abode,
country, land


nmskar


namaskaar


salutation,
bow in humility


nIka


neekaa


good,
sublime


Ah;kar


ahankaar


pride,
ego


imhrvan


meharvaan


generous,
compassionate


saTI


saathee


companion


v{ru


vair


enmity
(var. bair); vairee or bairee – enemy


AaigAakarI


aagiaa-kaari


obedient


lag


laag


(laagna)
-to be attached


prvar


parvaar


family


m;tR


mantr


Word,
secret (also mant)


slah


salaah


to
praise


K;dn


khanDan


destroy


jagna


jaagna


to
be awake, spiritually aware


AaO phr


aath
pehar


24
hours, day and night


bRhm igAanI


brahm
giaanee


God-conscious
person, in tune with God


Wrm raie


dharam
raai


righteous
judge (hindu mythology) who judges all beings


hlit plit


halat
palat


this
world and the next



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 Posted by at 2:49 am